Each and every year we usually celebrate World Environment Day on 05th June. In this, we are highlighting the Ramsar Convention for Wetlands of India.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an international treaty for the conservation of wetlands and sustainable use of wetlands. The Ramsar Convention on wetlands is a very important ecological declaration which works towards the conservation and proper use of wetlands. On this world environment day, we are looking at the different-different wetlands present in India, which always attracts the tourists in very large numbers.
Wetlands are basically a particular part of the land which is saturated with water and are often found supporting terrestrial animals as well as aquatic animals. But why the wetlands are important?
Wetland helps to reduce food impacts, improves the quality of the air and protects the shores from the action of waves. The kind of animals and plants lives found in or near wetlands are very unique, interesting and are not found usually everywhere. There are so many wetlands in India, and it is very important to recognize such spots so as to be aware of the environment.
Let us take a look of four such wetlands of India, under the Ramsar Convention –
Chandratal Lake is a very famous lake due to its crescent shape in the Spiti part of Lahul and Spiti district of the Indian state Himachal Pradesh. The Chandratal Lake is also known as “Chandra Taal” which means lake of the moon. The exact location of this lake is in middle Himalaya, Spiti valley, Himachal Pradesh. The surface elevation of Chandratal Lake is 4250 meters above the sea level and it is located 6 kilometers from the Kunzun Pass. This is a fresh sweet water lake which is spread in an area of 2.5 kilometers. Chandratal Lake is discovered by the traders who used to use this particular route, coming from Tibet region or Ladakh. The actual beauty of Chandratal Lake of Himachal can be seen in a full moon night when the crystal clear water of this lake reflects the moonlight very amazingly but the access to Chandratal Lake is quite difficult in the night due to atmospheric conditions and high altitude.
LAKE TSO MORIRI
Lake Tso Moriri is located in the Ladakhi part of the Changthang Plateau in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is high altitude Mountain Lake and is protected as the Tso Moriri Wetland Conservation Reserve. This lake is situated at the height of 4595 meters above the sea level and covers an area of 12000 ha. Lake Tso Moriri is a breeding ground and falls in migratory route for over 40 species. This lake is very famous for its scenic beauty and also includes a monastery, which is 300 years old at Korzok.
Chilika Lake is a pure salt water lagoon which is spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of the Indian state of Odisha. It is a particular place which we love to visit to witness the migratory birds. Chilika Lake also comes under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. This lake is one of the most important spots for biodiversity in India. The Chilika Lake is fed by 25 rivers and rivulets and it is also a highly sensitive region.
PONG DAM LAKE
Pong Dam Lake which is world widely also known as Maharana Pratap Sagar and Pong Reservoir is the highest earth-fill dam in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh and were created in the year of 1975. This lake is on the Beas River in the wetland zone of the Siwalik Hills of the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. It is basically a water shortage reservoir. The Pong Dam Wildlife Sanctuary is a very good spot for the proper conservation of the flora and fauna and this will definitely provide you the best natural and Himalayan view and ambience, when you visit here.
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